Volgograd (Russian: Волгогра́д vuhl-gah-GRAHD) used to be called Stalingrad. It lies along the west bank of the Volga River in Southern Russia. It was the scene of one of the most important and bloodiest battles of the Second World War.
Volgograd is one of the most beautiful ancient cities of Russia. It is located in the south-eastern European part of Russia. The city was built as a fortress on the right bank of the Volga. The date of birth of the city is July 2, 1589. The city is 90 km, and is the longest city in Russia. The total area of the city is 565 sq. km. There is an interesting and rich history in Volgograd with a lot of historical monuments, culture and architecture.. Throughout its history the city has changed names three times.. Tsaritsyn – from 1589 to 1925. Stalingrad – from 1925 to 1961, and from 1961 the city has been known as Volgograd. For more than 400 years, the city has experienced many historical events. Many battles have taken place for control: Stepan Razin captured the city twice in 1670, and in 1708 power passed into the hands of Kondrat Bulavin. In 1774 Yemelyan Pugachev tried to take the city by storm, and in 1918 there was a civil war.The latest and most famous battle, was the ba ttle for Stalingrad during World War II. The Battle of Stalingrad began on the 17th of July 1942, and ended on the 2nd of February 1943.
This battle was very fierce, with about a 1000000 bombs being dropped on the city.It was completely destroyed, and more than 2 million Soviet and German soldiers were killed. This battle marked a turning point in the battle against Nazi Germany, and the city rose up from the ashes.
Now Volgograd is the administrative centre of the Volgograd region. This is the most important industrial, economic and cultural / historical center of Russia. Its population is 1023000 people. Major industries are fuel, chemical, petrochemical, woodworking, light industry, food industry, ferrous and nonferrous metallurgy, machinery, building materials and energy. In Volgograd, there is an airport and railway, and europe’s largest river port. Two federal highways also pass through the city.
Volgograd is a major tourist center. It is a monument-city and a hero-city, visited by hundreds of thousands of Russian and foreign tourists. They are attracted by Volgagrad s nature, mineral springs, spa s and rest-houses, along with the rich and glorious history. There are many museums and monuments, with a vibrant culture and architecture.
The city has a well developed transportation network: buses, trolleybuses, trams, minibuses and taxi, and also Russia’s only underground tram system. There are a large numer of hotels in Volgagrad, with plans to build more to satisfy the needs of tourists.
After visiting our city, you will have an unforgettable impression. The hero-city is waiting for you, to show you all of it’s power and beauty.